Day: March 18, 2014

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes flavifrons)

The Yellow-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes flavifrons) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.

The upperparts are largely blue-black, with a large white rump patch, and there is also a broad dark stripe through the eye reaching to the ‘shoulder’. The crown and belly are red, the flanks heavily dark-barred, and the throat, forehead, and eye-ring are yellow, while females lack the red crown. The Yellow-fronted Woodpecker forms a superspecies with the Yellow-tufted Woodpecker (Melanerpes cruentatus), which is exclusively Amazonian in distribution, whereas the present species is confined to southeast South America, where it is endemic to humid forest and semi-open wooded areas within the Atlantic Forest biome, from southeast Brazil to eastern Paraguay and northeast Argentina. Like otherMelanerpes, the Yellow-fronted Woodpecker breeds cooperatively, with up to four males and two females attending a single nest.

It drums on tall trees and flies from tree to tree singing “benedito”